Main concentration of this project is to find out the vehicle which is met with an accident by using MEMS sensor and GPS, GSM to release Air bag. This system will be placed in a moving vehicle. The Atmel controller will poll GPS module in prefixed intervals and sends the vehicle location information (Latitude & Longitude) to central station over GSM network. Whenever any accident occurs MEMS sensor detects the vibration of the vehicle and sends mechanical force, to ARM, by using GPS. We will get particular location where accident occurs, and then GSM sends message to authorized members & 108. One best feature is whenever any authorized people gives message to GSM at accident location then it sends back the message of the accident location Long and Lat values. This project uses regulated 5V, 750mA power supply. 7805 three terminal voltage regulators are used for voltage regulation. Bridge type full wave rectifier is used to rectify the ac output of secondary of 230/18V step down transformer. This system can be interfaced with vehicle airbag system that prevents vehicles occupant from striking interior object such as the steering wheel or windows. This can also develop by interconnecting a camera to the controller module that takes the photography of the accident spot that makes the tracking easier.
Keywords : MEMS sensor, GPS, GSM , Atmel controller, 7805 three terminal voltage regulators
Keeping the city clean has been always an ongoing task which needs laborious efforts of people working on ground level emptying the garbage bins whenever they are full. The event of garbage bin getting full is not strictly dependent on a time pattern, instead it sometimes becomes rapidly full or sometimes requires more than normal time to become full. IOT Garbage Monitoring with Weight Sensing paper is an innovative step towards making this process more smooth and efficient.
This system monitors the garbage bins and informs about the level of garbage collected in the garbage bins via a web page. For this the system uses ultrasonic sensors placed over the bins to detect the garbage level and compare it with the garbage bins depth. In addition, we also have weight sensors attached below the garbage bins.
Thus the system sends over the internet the level of fill of the garbage bins as well as the weight of the fill of the garbage bins. The advantage of this combo sensing is that the garbage bin lifting weight can also be known by the authorities. If the garbage bin is not filled up, but still the weight of fill has reached the limit of what the garbage lifting vehicles can pick up, the vehicles can be immediately driven towards that bin for evacuation.
The main aim of the project is to build a border guard spy robot using ARM-7 LPC2148 microcontroller and IP camera. These robots consist of ultrasonic sensor to detect the motion and 5laser guns represent shooting indication.
The advent of new high-speed technology provided realistic opportunity for new robot controls and realization of new methods of control theory. This technical improvement together with the need for high performance robots created faster, more accurate and more intelligent robots using new robots control devices, new drivers and advanced control algorithms. This project describes a new economical solution of robot control systems. The presented robot control system can be used for different sophisticated robotic applications.
The main controlling device of the whole system is ARM-7 LPC2148 micro controller. When the user switches on the robot, the robot moving on predefine path.SR04, 5laser guns are interfaced to the ARM-7 micro controller. When the motion is detected by sr04 sensor this data is fed to the microcontroller. The microcontroller gets on the laser guns for shooting automatically. We can check the IP camera video in mobile phone.
Keywords : ARM-7 LPC2148 Microcontroller, IP Camera, Robots Control Devices
The entire world recorded more than 6.15 Million Covid-19 positive cases, where as India recorded more than the
2,00,000 positive cases and more than 5,000 people were died from Covid-19. The countries are being maintained the lockdown to protect themselves from the Covid-19 as per the instructions given by the WHO. Whereas India also maintained the Lockdown. IMF released the GDP growth rate of World and India, that is -3.8% and 1.9 for the year 2020 respectively. Asian Development Bank (ADB) staff released the data an amount of contribution lost by world and developing Asia that is $77 Billion to $347 Billion and $15 Billion to $42 Billion respectively, because of this Covid-19 lockdown. At present entire world become the global village, the trade transactions among the countries is being happened. It was broken by the Covid-19. Some countries announced stimulus package for increasing the liquidity position. The Covid-19 impacted not only economically but also socially. Socially, Covid-19 impacted somewhat positively but to face the overall impact it needs to follow an effective guidelines. To face this impact our study recommends SEP Suggestions. SEP contains SIA Suggestions and PEC-MEC Suggestions.
Electronic Toll Collection is a generally mature technology that allows for electronic payment of highway tolls. It takes advantage of vehicle-to-roadside communication technologies to perform an electronic monetary transaction between a vehicle passing through a toll station and the toll agency. This system is implemented using the innovative technology of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID).
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is a technology that uses communication via electromagnetic waves to exchange data between a terminal and an electronic tag attached to an object, for the purpose of identification and tracking. Each vehicle will be provided with an RFID tag. This tag stores the unique ID of the vehicle and related information. When interrogated by a reader, it responds with that data over a radio frequency link. The readers are fixed in the toll gates. So when the vehicle comes near the reader, the data from the tags can be easily read by the readers. This data is passed to the computer and thus the cash can be deducted from the userâ€™s account.
Keywords : RFID, Unique ID, Toll Gates, Electronic Tag
Now dayâ€™s many industries are using robots due to their high level of performance and reliability and which is a great help for human beings. The obstacle avoidance robotics is used for detecting obstacles and avoiding the collision. This is an autonomous robot. The design of obstacle avoidance robot requires the integration of many sensors according to their task.
The obstacle detection is primary requirement of this autonomous robot. The robot gets the information from surrounding area through mounted sensors on the robot. Some sensing devices used for obstacle detection like bump sensor, infrared sensor, ultrasonic sensor etc. Ultrasonic sensor is most suitable for obstacle detection and it is of low cost and has high ranging capability.
This project also presents a dynamic steering algorithm which ensures that the robot does not have to stop in front of an obstacle which allows robot to navigate smoothly in an unknown environment, avoiding collisions.
A vehicle tracking system is very useful for tracking the movement of a vehicle from any location at any time. An efficient vehicle tracking system is designed and implemented for tracking the movement of any equipped vehicle from any location at any time. The proposed system made good use of popular technology that combines a smart phone with an Arduino UNO. This easy to make and inexpensive compared to others. The designed in vehicle device works using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) technology that is one of the most common ways for vehicle tracking. The device is embedded inside a vehicle those positions is to be determined and tracked in real time.
An Arduino UNO is used to control the GPS receiver and GSM module. The vehicle tracking system uses the GPS module to get geographic coordinates at regular time interval. The GSM module is used to transmit and update the vehicle location to a database. This paper gives minute by minute update about vehicle location by sending SMS through GSM modem. This SMS contain latitude and longitude of the location of vehicle. Arduino UNO gets the coordinates from GPS modem and then it sends this information to the user in text SMS. GSM modem is used to send this information via SMS sent to the owner of the vehicle. Location is displayed on LCD. And then Google map displays location and name of the place on cell phone. Thus, user able to continuously monitor a moving vehicle on demand using smart phone and determine the estimated distance and time for the vehicle to arrive at a given destination.
Nowadays, buying and searching at huge malls is turning into a daily activity in subway cities. We can see large rush at malls on holidays and weekends. The rush is even a lot of once there are special offers and discounts. People purchase totally different things and place them in trolley. After total purchase one needs to go to cashier for payments. The cashier prepare the bill victimization bar code reader that could be a time overwhelming method and leads to long queues at charge counters. This paper targeted to minimize the Queue at a billing counter in a shopping complex. Smart Trolley does the same by displaying the total price of the product kept inside the cart. In this way the customer can directly pay the amount at the billing counter and leave with the commodities he/she has bought. The hardware is based on Arduino Uno, RFID Reader Module, RFID Card, Zigbee, Buzzer .It eliminates the traditional scanning of products at the counter and in turn speeds up the entire process of shopping, also with this system the customer shall know the total amount to be paid and hence can accordingly plan his shopping only buying the essential commodities resulting in enhanced savings. Since the entire process of billing is automated it reduces the possibility of human error substantially. Also the system has a feature to delete the scanned products by customer to further optimize the shopping experience.
Keywords : Arduino Uno, RFID Reader Module, RFID Card, Zigbee, Buzzer
Author : T.Keerthi Reddy, E. Ranadheer, K.Roopa, Mrs. T. Kavitha, Y.David Solomon Raju
The world is becoming unsafe for women in all aspects. The crime against women is increasing at a higher rate. The employed women are feeling unsafe due to increasing crimes. This paper proposes a quick responding mechanism that helps women during trouble. When someone is going to harass, she can just press the button and the location information is sent as an SMS alert to few pre-defined numbers in terms of latitude and longitude. It is interfaced with a push button, a GPS module, a GSM modem and a LCD Display (16Ã—2). If the switch is pressed, the Arduino take the current location information from the GPS module and send those data to the predefined no. using a GSM modem. The program is developed in â€˜Câ€™ language. The purpose of this project is to feel safe the womenâ€™s.
Keywords : Arduino, GPS, GSM, LCD Display
Author : MD. Nayeemuddin, D. Vijayasaradhi, S. Divya Sri, K. Ram Surya,K. Tejaswini, J. Mounika
Title : GPS Based Self Defence System for Women Safety
This paper has been developed to design a system that facilitates a user to securely control multiple home appliances
using hand gesture. The paper uses the MEMS technology to read hand gesture and provides an analog input signal to the
ATmega328P microcontroller. The hand gesture movement thus recorded controls the circuit to turn it on or off. The
microcontroller processes the input data from the sensor and makes use of a Relay driver to control the on/off operation of the
home appliances. Energy consumption can be reduced by20- 30% with this technology thus optimizing the power
consumption in a home automation system. Furthermore, the system is secured with a gesture based password, through
MEMS, to ensure security and protection from unauthorized usage.